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Avance de temporada de arándanos

08/11/2008 

Mayores ventas no afectan precios

A la semana 44 las exportaciones de arándanos superan en un 58% a las que se registraban en 2006. Los precios de venta, a pesar de la mayor oferta, son similares a los de aquella temporada, pero existe incertidumbre sobre el comportamiento futuro de los consumidores.
por Egon Allen
Volúmenes
 
El aumento exportador se explica por el considerable aumento de las ventas de Argentina y Chile.
 
Aunque entre los empresarios se escucharon quejas por algunos problemas en la logística (disponibilidad de envases) y en la escasez de personal para la cosecha, al mismo tiempo los importadores en Europa y Estados Unidos comentaron la muy buena calidad de la fruta del Hemisferio Sur recibida este año.
 
Un dato importante en el caso de Argentina (ver nota relacionada) es que las regiones productores con mejores precio de retorno al productor son las del norte (Tucumán). Los precios descienden con el aumento de la latitud, con valores intermedios en Corrientes, Entre Ríos y Santa Fe. El retorno más bajo se produce en Buenos Aires, región que carece de ventaja estratégica frente a Chile al momento de vender su producción.
 
Tabla 1. Exportaciones semanales por origen
En kilos
Origen
Semana
2006/7
2007/8
2008/9
Argentina
36
 
 
13.138
 
37
19.216
 
25.558
 
38
24.409
 
33.924
 
39
70.962
1.142
69.547
 
40
163.143
1.009
187.148
 
41
290.437
12.396
282.637
 
42
434.682
28.145
362.890
 
43
505.593
410.921
1.102.298
 
44
654.405
875.558
1.215.328
 
Total 
2.162.846
1.329.170
3.292.468
Chile
36
304
 
 
 
37
653
 
412
 
38
2.121
 
200
 
39
6.743
 
347
 
40
5.616
173
1.852
 
41
21.390
511
3.935
 
42
46.199
1.498
13.809
 
43
102.083
10.055
32.743
 
44
90.981
18.820
70.172
 
Total 
276.090
31.057
123.470
Uruguay
39
 
 
5.400
 
40
 
 
13.848
 
41
 
 
22.724
 
42
131
 
77.769
 
43
1.230
29.904
155.732
 
44
6.716
54.987
169.072
 
Total 
8.076
84.890
444.545
Total general
 
2.447.012
1.445.117
3.860.482
Fuente: Gabinete MAG/Cumplidos de embarque-Aduana
 
Precios
 
El principal mercado de destino es siempre Estados Unidos, en la región comercial de Norteamérica. Las ventas también son importantes en la Unión Europea, principalmente en el Reino Unido, pero también en la zona del Mediterráneo y Norte continental (ver tabla 2).
 
A pesar del importante aumento en el volumen exportado, los precios de importación (FOT) y de terminal de mercado (Mayorista, Los Ángeles y New York) son en la actualidad  muy similares a la cosecha 2006/07 (ver gráfico adjunto). El consumidor reaccionó hasta ahora muy bien ante la mayor oferta considerando que su precio es alto.
 
De todas maneras se nota cierta cautela en las proyecciones sobre el comportamiento futuro del consumidor hasta que no se avizore cual será el cabal desarrollo de la crisis financiera. Recién en diciembre se percibirá si el consumidor ajusta o no sus compras.

Sin embargo hasta ahora no se puede hablar de bajos precios, porque como se señaló son similares a los de 2006/7
 
 
Tabla 2.  Exportaciones semanales por destinos
En kilos
Mercado
Semana
2006/7
2007/8
2008/9
Europa norte
36
 
 
4.680
 
37
 
 
5.221
 
38
1.944
 
7.641
 
39
3.987
 
11.754
 
40
2.409
 
10.549
 
41
8.283
252
21.050
 
42
12.873
720
57.808
 
43
32.913
15.021
86.078
 
44
43.436
67.576
110.119
 
 Total
105.844
83.569
314.899
Latinoamérica
44
540
 
 
 
 Total
540
 
 
Lejano Oriente
37
2.071
 
 
 
38
2.896
 
723
 
39
3.246
 
1.808
 
40
2.737
 
5.765
 
41
2.858
 
11.328
 
42
3.424
1.097
12.536
 
43
6.124
7.587
18.950
 
44
7.604
20.025
18.423
 
 Total
30.961
28.709
69.533
Mediterráneo
38
155
 
 
 
39
162
 
 
 
40
1.440
150
4.644
 
41
3.187
 
4.976
 
42
5.894
692
2.699
 
43
16.640
11.863
22.712
 
44
20.798
37.640
14.763
 
 Total
48.274
50.344
49.793
Norteamérica
36
304
 
2.177
 
37
5.367
 
2.735
 
38
10.525
 
7.781
 
39
38.815
8
39.404
 
40
121.880
179
128.511
 
41
214.126
5.805
177.494
 
42
369.446
17.141
296.723
 
43
468.766
310.039
1.019.325
 
44
550.652
620.783
1.147.026
 
 Total
1.779.880
953.954
2.821.175
Reino Unido
36
 
 
6.281
 
37
12.431
 
18.014
 
38
11.011
 
17.980
 
39
31.495
1.134
22.328
 
40
40.294
853
53.380
 
41
83.373
6.850
94.450
 
42
89.376
9.694
84.702
 
43
84.463
105.650
143.325
 
44
128.711
201.900
163.737
 
 Total
481.154
326.080
604.196
Rusia
42
 
300
 
 
43
 
720
383
 
44
360
1.440
504
 
 Total
360
2.460
887
Total general
 
2.447.012
1.445.117
3.860.482
Fuente: Gabinete MAG/Cumplidos de embarque-Aduana
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